The political crisis in Yemen repercussions and backgrounds
✍ Hamid Abdul Qader Antar / Sana’a
Strategic Affairs Researcher
The Yemeni Uprising, and also known as the Yemeni Revolution of Dignity followed the initial stages of the Tunisian Revolution and occurred simultaneously with the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and other Arab Spring protests in the Middle East and North Africa, affected by the winds of change that broke out in the Arab world. Demanding the overthrow of dictatorships that are calling for a change in the ruling regimes in Yemen.
Thousands of young people came out demanding the overthrow of the political system. There were sit-ins and vigils of youth protesting for a change in the political system. The political parties, especially Al-Islah party, the Muslim Brotherhood and the rest of the political parties, have infiltrated among the revolutionaries and exploited the revolution for their own interests. Political parties were maneuvering and exploiting young protesters
Al-Islah party took control of the sit-ins and its slogan was (A Revolution To Overthrow the Regime of Abdullah Saleh).
As for the leaders of the Al-Islah party in the squares, Ansar Ullah was subjected to injustice and that the six wars were absurd, demanding the disclosure of those behind the outbreak of wars in Saada.
It began as a youth revolution with human rights demands and political parties entered with the youth in the protests and turned the revolution into a political crisis through the entry of the kingdom of sand and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries in line to absorb the revolution of youth turned from revolution to political crisis that resulted in the signing of an agreement between the political components and the ruling party by the transfer of power To Vice President Hadi and was signed in Saudi Arabia in the presence of the King of Saudi Arabia, the late King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz. It was agreed to share power between political parties and exclude the political component of the Ansar Ullah from the political scene and transfer power to Hadi in harmony without competition.
Hadi took power and formed a government headed by Basendoh. The reform party took control of all the joints of the state. All the violators of thought and opinion were eliminated.
Ansar Allah with all the honest tribes of Yemen, They staged a revolution
of September 21, 2014, in which all tribes of Yemen emerged from various ideological, political and sectarian strata. The September 21 revolution brought down the centers of traditional forces, centers of influence and corrupt powers that looted their wealth and the rights of 30 million people for decades. the establishment of an empire of public money and the blood of the people
After Ansar Allah entered the capital Sana’a and the success of the September 21 revolution, a peace, and partnership document was signed by all the political parties and President Hadi in the presence of the UN envoy Jamal Ben Omar in the presidential palace and support from the Gulf states and the European Union and the political forces are debating at Movenpick Hotel.
Then. President Hadi visited Saudi Arabia and was informed by the Saudi king of The need to expel the popular committees from the Sanaa and to return to Saada.
After that, Hadi left Saudi Arabia, where he changed his position to 180 degrees. After receiving instructions from Saudi Arabia to expel the popular committees from Sana’a, the situation was blown up by the presidential brigades of Hadi in the Maspahi roundabout Ansar Allah strengthened their position with armed forces and defend themselves and a military confrontation between Ansar Allah and Hadi forces ended the battle in favor of Ansar Allah and took the initiative.
The press began to escalate in its writings that Hadi became a Cuz Markoz and that the decision makers are supporters of God President Hadi through the guidance of Saudi Arabia to resign from the presidency with the Prime Minister and live in a country in a constitutional vacuum and a vacuum of power so as to confuse the political component, Ansar Ullah
Ansarullah had to put Hadi with the government under house arrest until the political vacuum was closed and the power vacuum was closed and dialogue continued with the political parties in Movenbek Hotel. There was intransigence from some political forces, especially Al Islah, whose decision was controlled by Saudi Arabia
There have been efforts by former UN envoy Gamal Ben Omar to resolve the crisis by signing a political agreement that ends the political crisis but the failure of the agreement because of Saudi intervention forced Ansar Allah to the constitutional declaration and put the government with Hadi under house arrest until the political vacuum is closed because of political parties from Access to an agreement The Ansar Allah was forced to declare a constitutional dissolution of the parliament and dissolve the Shura Council. The authority of the Supreme Revolutionary Committee headed by Mohamed Al-Houthi successfully managed the crisis.
After the constitutional declaration, most embassies left, especially the US and Saudi embassies, which ran the country and dominated the political decision. Most embassies and consulates left the country because the political component is a resistance line they do not accept. Because the resistance line refuses to bow to the outside and the goal is to be the owner of a sovereign and political decision
The countries of the region, the European Union and the international organizations have quickly called for the immediate release of Hadi and the government. Ansar Allah released some ministers who were under house arrest and began to allow them to visit Hadi without a search
Former international envoy Gamal Ben Omar with some political parties visited President Hadi to back down on the resignation of Hadi and said his resignation was final.
Hadi exploited the situation after allowing Ansara to visit some ministers and party leaders without a search. Hadi escaped from Sanaa to Aden disguised as Hadi arrived in Aden and delivered a political speech after receiving instructions from the Saudi ambassador to step up against Ansar Allah. He delivered a televised speech saying he was a Republican and did not resign He began to raise his rhetoric against the authority of Sanaa and said that the science will return to Maran Hadi began the policy of exclusion and marginalization against the leaders of the north to remove all the military leaders calculated on the north and got a conflict between the central security forces led by Abdul Hafiz al-Saqqaf and Hadi forces and Major general Abdul Hafiz al-Saqqaf, He held major victories against Hadi’s forces.
Ansarullah entered Aden and took control of Aden full, forcing President Hadi to escape to the island of Socotra and then the Sultanate of Oman and then to Saudi Arabia after the victory and victory. A comprehensive war on the forces of terror and achieved great victories.
The kingdom of sand formed an Operation Decisive Storm To eliminate the revolution that overthrew the centers of corrupt forces tools and agents of Saudi Arabia. 700 billion dollars were allocated to support the aggression on Yemen under the pretext of the return of legitimacy
Entered the fourth year of the global aggression on Yemen. The aggression led by the global arrogant forces used all the American and British companies produced by lethal, destructive and internationally prohibited weapons that targeted civilians, destroyed infrastructure and all state institutions and imposed a land, sea and air blockade on Yemen.
The kingdom of sand has exhausted all its options and has not achieved one of its military objectives and failed militarily, politically and morally
The countries of aggression used the economy to kneel down on the Yemeni people. The first steps were to transfer the central bank to Aden, targeting the currency, starving the people, not paying the salaries of state employees since two and a half years, speculating in the dollar and raising prices in an attempt to kill the people through starvation
The countries of the alliance of aggression failed because of the steadfastness and steadfastness of the Yemeni people and the victories of the army and the people’s committees on various fronts and in the Saudi depth. The American weapons were destroyed under the feet of the army and the popular committees. The global aggression will not be able to kneel the Yemeni people or achieve any victory. There is no solution except through a political and diplomatic solution.
Yemen’s revolution will prevail. Because it is an extension of the revolution of Aba Al – Ahrar Abu Abdullah Al – Hussein peace be upon him
“Our intention is for the sake of Allah and the best outcome is for the righteous.”
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